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2018年成考高起点《英语》语法练习及答案7

2018-08-06 14:34http://www.dxjiao.com江苏成考网

2018年成人高考高起点《英语》语法练习及答案(7)

I. Phonetics ( 5 points)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one thatis different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

A.windB.kindC.findD.mind

参考答案:A

参考解析:

A项划线部分发[i],而B、C、D三项划线部分发[ai],因此选A项。

2根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

A.broughtB.thoughtC.foughtD.doubt

参考答案:D

参考解析:

A、B、c三项划线部分的发音为[3z],而D项划线部分的发音是[au],因此选D项。

3根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

A.wasteB.pasteC.voyageD.snake

参考答案:C

参考解析:

A、B、D三项划线部分发[ei],而C项划线部分发[i],因此选C项。

4根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

A.calmB.hallC.talkD.ball参考答案:A

参考解析:

A项划线部分发[0:],而B、C、D三项划线部分发[0:],故选A项。第4000

5根据读音,选择出划线部分读音不同的选项。( )

A.saysB.playsC.staysD.Days

参考答案:A

参考解析:

A项划线部分发[e],而B\C D三项划线部分发[ei],因此选A项。

II. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)

Directions:There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6When Jane fell off the bike,the other children__________.

A.were not able to help laughterB.could not help but laughingC.could not help laughingD.could not help to laugh

参考答案:C

参考解析:

earl’t(couldn't)help doing sth.是一个常用的搭配,意为“忍不住做某事”。

7We are using up our natural resources too quickly and at the same time we are __________our environment with dangerous chemicals.

A.protectingB.savingC.pollutingD.fighting

参考答案:C

参考解析:

考查动词辨析。句意为:“我们将很快耗尽自然资源,同时也正用有害化学物质污染我们的环境。”pollute“污染”符合句意。protect“保护”;save“拯救”;fight“战斗”。

8It is a__________fide from his home to the shopping center.

A.ninety-milesB.ninety-mile'sC.ninety milesD.ninety-mile

参考答案:D

参考解析:

复数概念作定语且用连字符连接数词与可数名词时相当于形容词,可数名词用单数形式。

9A freely falling body has an acceleration of 32 feet a second during each second__________ it falls.

A.thatB.whyC.whichD.as

参考答案:A

参考解析:

当先行词被all,every,each等词修饰时,关系代词只能用that。

10I don't believe him. He __________ be serious.

A.needn'tB.can'tC.may notD.mustn't

参考答案:B

参考解析:

表示对现在发生的事情的否定推测,即“一定不会……”用can’t或couldn’t。

11His handwriting is__________yours.

A.more betterB.as well asC.much better tha.nD.as better as

参考答案:C

参考解析:

考查比较级。A项中修饰比较级bet.ter应用much,B项中well应改为good,D项中 as…as之间应用原级。故只有C项正确。

12--Was the housemaster strict?

--Yes. He requested that we__________television on week nights.

A.not watchB.must not to stayC.not be watchingD.staying not

参考答案:A

参考解析:

在含有要求、命令等意义的动词之后的宾语从句中,要用虚拟语气,即“should+动词原形”,should可以省,句中的request意为“要求”。

13When a fire__________at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed.

A.broke offB.broke outC.broke downD.broke up

参考答案:B

参考解析:

break out意为“(战争、疾病)的突然发生”,符合句意。break off意为“中断,绝交”;breakdown意为“抛锚,出故障”;break up“打碎,分解”。

14It was clever__________at the answer in two minutes.

A.of him to arriveB.for him to arriveC.for his arrivingD.of his arriving

参考答案:A

参考解析:

考查固定句型。“It’S+形容词+of+名词/代词+to do sth.”为固定结构。0f前的形容词强调人的性格特征。

15I noticed his eyes .__________, because they were very large.

A.in particularB.with particularC.in specialD.with special参考答案:A

参考解析:

in particular是固定搭配,意为“特别地”。

16Hardly__________ when they ran toward it.

A.had the plane landedB.did the plane landC.the plane had landedD.the plane landed

参考答案:A

参考解析:

表示否定意义的词hardly放在句首,句子倒装。hardly所在的句子中要用过去完成时态,与when引导的状语从句中的过去时配合。

17--I slipped on the stairs. I think my arm is broken.,

--Oh ! I__________

A.don't hopeB.hope not soC.do not hopeD.hope not

参考答案:D

参考解析:

I hope not常用来表示不希望某事发生,肯定结构为I hope S0。

18He is__________that I'd like to introduce him to you.

A.such noble personB.so noble personC.such a noble personD.so a noble persorn

参考答案:C

参考解析:

S0和such都可修饰单数可数名词,但是形式上有不同:SO+形容词+a(an)+名词,而such+a(an)+形容词+名词。注意其中冠词的位置。

19__________that your son is well again,you no longer have anything to worry about.

A.WhenB.AfterC.BeforeD.Now

参考答案:D

参考解析:

now that是一个连词,意为“既然”,引导原因状语从句。

20__________man is__________reasoning animal.

A.The;aB./;/C./;aD.The;the

参考答案:C

参考解析: